Year RMy child is in Reception, what can I expect?
When your child enters our reception classes we aim to immerse them in a language rich culture full of stories, rhymes and letter sounds.
They will start in the autumn term by continuing work on Phase 1 which is taught across the whole of Key Stage 1. Phase 1 concentrates on developing children's speaking and listening skills and lays the foundations for the phonic work which starts in Phase 2. The emphasis during Phase 1 is to get children attuned to the sounds around them and ready to begin developing oral blending and segmenting skills. This will build upon work they will have carried out in Nursery.
They will then start to learn the sounds from Phase 2 and Phase 3, gaining confidence in blending and segmenting these before finishing the year on Phase 4. The main aim of Phase 4 is to consolidate the children's knowledge and to help them learn to read and spell words which have adjacent consonants, such as trap, string and milk.
A breakdown of the phases and the tricky words can be found at the bottom of this page.
How can I support my child during their Reception year?
At the start of reception your child will be sent home with two sets of words. Tricky words and phonetically decodable words. Tricky words are those words which either cannot be sounded out or that are above the children’s current phonic level. This includes words such as I, my, to, no and go and are taught alongside the phonics provision. Phonetically decodable words are those which can be sounded out: for example cat can be sounded out and blended back together by saying c-a-t cat.
To support your child learning the tricky words use the cards sent home from school to play games such as snap or speed read. Practice makes perfect with these words and will really help your child as they move on to reading books.
To support your child learning to read words encourage them to add the ‘sound buttons’ to the words and to carefully sound them out. Say the sounds closer and closer together until you form the word e.g. c - a - t, c – a – t, cat. Similarly when writing words, encourage your child to sound the word out writing each letter as they say the sound. In school they use robot arms to segment the sounds. Ask them to show you!
As they progress through the year they will be sent home with a coloured book. These will progressively increase in terms of the amount of phonics knowledge the children will need in order to read them.
In order to find out more about supporting your child with their reading please have a look at our reading section.